The man , from Windaroo in Logan, was potentially infectious in the community for up to five days, between August 28 and September 1 before testing positive on the Gold Coast.
The man is the only new local case of COVID-19 in Queensland, out of 11,315 tests in the past 24 hours.
The state has also recorded one overseas acquired case, detected in hotel quarantine.
Premier Annastacia Palaszczuk confirmed the truck driver travelled to New South Wales.
Yesterday, exposure sites were issued for Brisbane and the regional town of Goondiwindi after another truck driver who passed through the state tested positive for coronavirus.
Authorities say that driver was infectious in Queensland for just one day, arriving in the state on August 25 and returning to NSW on August 26.
More to come.